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Summary Details

Query:   Orthography & segmentation of spoken language
Author:  Rajaa Aquil
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Phonology

Summary:   I received the following responses:

Studies on the relationship between orthography and speech production
Wells, S. (1995). A speech error investigation of the impact of orthography on Japanese speech production. Papers from the 31st Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 478-89

Studies on the relationship between orthography and phoneme awareness
Read, C. A., Zhang, Y., Nie, H., & Ding, B. (1987). The ability to manipulate speech sounds depends on knowing alphabetic reading. Cognition, 24, 31-44.
Authors found that prior learning of Roman/Latin alphabet affected Chinese speakers? performance in certain phonemic awareness tasks.

Studies on children?s segmentation of sentences Leong, C. K. (1991). From phonemic awareness to phonological processing to language access in children developing reading proficiency. In D. J. Sawyer & B. J. Fox (Eds.), Phonological Awareness in Reading: The Evolution of Current Perspectives. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Mann, V. A. (1986). Phonological awareness: The role of reading experience. Cognition, 24, 65-92.

Both of the studies found that Japanese children can segment into syllables and not phonemes as a result of their syllable-based writing system.

Phoneme monitoring studies

Ooijen, B. van, Cutler, A. & Norris, D. (1992). Detection of
vowels and consonants with minimal acoustic variation. Speech
Communication, 11, 101-108 (in English)

Authors found that words such as music, pew, fuse ([muuzIk], [pju], [fjuz]), which include phonemes with no reflection in the orthography are often missed.

Cutler, A., Ooijen, B. van, Norris, D. & Sanchez-Casas, R. (1996).
Speeded detection of vowels: A cross-linguistic study. Perception &
Psychophysics, 58, 807-822.

This study showed evidence that schwa is much harder to detect than full vowels.

Cutler, A., Treiman, R. & Ooijen, B. van (1998). Orthografik inkoncistensy ephekts in foneme detektion? Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Sydney, December; vol. 6, pp. 2783-2786.

The authors found that orthographic consistency in English had not effect in phoneme monitoring whether the target sound was consistent or not (e.g., [b] always written as B or not, [f] written as F or PH) except only when the distractors were filled with many unusually spelled words.

LL Issue: 14.491
Date Posted: 19-Feb-2003
Original Query: Read original query


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