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Summary Details


Query:   The Preterit and the Present Perfect
Author:  Takashi Kumagai
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   Regarding query : http://linguistlist.org/issues/17/17-1993.html#1

Thank you for all the replies to my query regarding The present perfect
as the preterit and the present perfect with past time adverbials.

The results:

These are the sentences classified under adverbials with mean and
significance of t-test. (*>=0.05、**>=0.01、***>=0.001)

The replies are 34 in AE and 10 in BE. (AE = American English、BE = British
English)

Questionnaire constructs 23 questions with ‘Good’、’?’、’??’、’?*’、’*’.
I replace them with numeric. Good = 5、? = 4、?? = 3、?* = 2、* = 1.

already
1. She already finished the work. AE:4.74 BE:2.70*
8. Ellen already heard the news. 4.71 3.20***
14. Rainy wrote the memo already, and it is on your desk. 4.59 2.40***
21. Nash was already approached by several pro football teams. 4.00 2.00***

just
2. She just left the office. 4.85 4.20
10. He just read all the reports. 4.76 4.00
15. The department just mailed out 300,000 notices. 4.91 4.10**
19. I just went to Tokyo Station to see him off. 4.76 4.10

recently
5. I didn't see much of you recently. 2.29 1.90
13. She recently joined the staff of the hotel. 4.82 4.70
17. Salmon populations were severely depleted recently. 4.71 4.50
23. Oil imports rose recently. 4.97 4.00**

yet
4. We didn't yet receive a clear refusal of our offer. 3.76 2.40**
7. To my knowledge she didn't leave yet. 3.85 1.50***
11. If you didn't send in your payment yet, please do so immediately. 4.15
1.90***
18. The data wasn't yet interpreted. 3.68 3.40

past time adverbials
3. I have seen John yesterday. 1.85 2.30
6. Long ago I've given up that idea. 2.09 1.70
9. He has left a few minutes ago. 2.32 2.20
12. I have seen him ages ago. 1.74 2.20
16. That problem has been solved long ago. 2.91 2.90
20. I have seen Mary last night. 1.82 2.00
22. I've just now received word that they've arrived safely. 4.85 4.90

Thanks again,

Takashi Kumagai.
Hokkaido University of Education, Hakodate campus.

LL Issue: 17.2583
Date Posted: 13-Sep-2006
Original Query: Read original query


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