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Summary Details

Query:   The Preterit and the Present Perfect
Author:  Takashi Kumagai
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   Regarding query : in LINGUIST Issue: Vol-17-1993

Thank you for all the replies to my query regarding The present perfect as
the preterit and the present perfect with past time adverbials.

The results (preliminary stages):

-These are the sentences classified under adverbials with mean. (AE =
American English, Total = American English and Others.)
-The replies are 28 in AE and 15 in others including 5 in British English.
The replies of British English are only 5 which are fewer than I thought.
At present I include them in others.
-Questionnire constructs 23 questions with ‘Good’, ‘?’, ‘??’, ‘?*’, ‘*’. I
temporarily replace them with numeric. Good=5, ?=4, ??=3, ?*=2, *=1.

1. She already finished the work.(AE:4.75 ,Total:4.37)
8. Ellen already heard the news. (AE:4.68 ,Total:4.30)
14. Rainy wrote the memo already, and it is on your desk. (AE:4.61
21. Nash was already approached by several pro football teams. (AE:3.89

2. She just left the office. (AE:4.86 ,Total:4.67)
10. He just read all the reports. (AE:4.82 ,Total:4.70)
15. The department just mailed out 300,000 notices. (AE:4.93 ,Total:4.77)
19. I just went to Tokyo Station to see him off. (AE:4.79 ,Total:4.63)

5. I didn't see much of you recently. (AE:2.36 ,Total:2.23)
13. She recently joined the staff of the hotel. (AE:4.86 ,Total:4.74)
17. Salmon populations were severely depleted recently. (AE:4.71 ,Total:4.49)
23. Oil imports rose recently. (AE:4.96 ,Total:4.67)

4. We didn't yet receive a clear refusal of our offer. (AE:3.79 ,Total:3.51)
7. To my knowledge she didn't leave yet. (AE:3.82 ,Total:3.28)
11. If you didn't send in your payment yet, please do so immediately. (AE:
18. The data wasn't yet interpreted. (AE:3.79 ,Total:3.56)

Past time adverbials
3. I have seen John yesterday. (AE:1.96 ,Total:1.98)
6. Long ago I've given up that idea. (AE:2.18 ,Total:1.95)
9. He has left a few minutes ago. (AE:2.18 ,Total:2.14)
12. I have seen him ages ago. (AE:1.79 ,Total:1.77)
16. That problem has been solved long ago. (AE:2.89 ,Total:2.81)
20. I have seen Mary last night. (AE:1.89 ,Total:1.88)
22. I've just now received word that they've arrived safely. (AE:4.82

I can make it available upon query in the form of a primitive excel sheet.
Please tell your e-mail address to:

And I continue these studies and I need more replies, especially British
English to compare it with AE. I would appreciate it if new repliers could
post to my query.

My query :

Thanks again,

Takashi Kumagai.
Hokkaido University of Education, Hakodate campus.

LL Issue: 17.2201
Date Posted: 31-Jul-2006


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