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Summary Details


Query:   The Preterit and the Present Perfect
Author:  Takashi Kumagai
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   REGARDING QUERY : IN LINGUIST ISSUE: VOL-17-1993

THANK YOU FOR ALL THE REPLIES TO MY QUERY REGARDING THE PRESENT PERFECT AS
THE PRETERIT AND THE PRESENT PERFECT WITH PAST TIME ADVERBIALS.

THE RESULTS (PRELIMINARY STAGES):

-THESE ARE THE SENTENCES CLASSIFIED UNDER ADVERBIALS WITH MEAN. (AE =
AMERICAN ENGLISH, TOTAL = AMERICAN ENGLISH AND OTHERS.)
-THE REPLIES ARE 28 IN AE AND 15 IN OTHERS INCLUDING 5 IN BRITISH ENGLISH.
THE REPLIES OF BRITISH ENGLISH ARE ONLY 5 WHICH ARE FEWER THAN I THOUGHT.
AT PRESENT I INCLUDE THEM IN OTHERS.
-QUESTIONNIRE CONSTRUCTS 23 QUESTIONS WITH ‘GOOD’, ‘?’, ‘??’, ‘?*’, ‘*’. I
TEMPORARILY REPLACE THEM WITH NUMERIC. GOOD=5, ?=4, ??=3, ?*=2,*=1.


ALREADY
1. SHE ALREADY FINISHED THE WORK.(AE:4.75 ,TOTAL:4.37)
8. ELLEN ALREADY HEARD THE NEWS. (AE:4.68 ,TOTAL:4.30)
14. RAINY WROTE THE MEMO ALREADY, AND IT IS ON YOUR DESK. (AE:4.61
,TOTAL:4.09)
21. NASH WAS ALREADY APPROACHED BY SEVERAL PRO FOOTBALL TEAMS. (AE:3.89
,TOTAL:3.60)

JUST
2. SHE JUST LEFT THE OFFICE. (AE:4.86 ,TOTAL:4.67)
10. HE JUST READ ALL THE REPORTS. (AE:4.82 ,TOTAL:4.70)
15. THE DEPARTMENT JUST MAILED OUT 300,000 NOTICES. (AE:4.93 ,TOTAL:4.77)
19. I JUST WENT TO TOKYO STATION TO SEE HIM OFF. (AE:4.79 ,TOTAL:4.63)

RECENTLY
5. I DIDN'T SEE MUCH OF YOU RECENTLY. (AE:2.36 ,TOTAL:2.23)
13. SHE RECENTLY JOINED THE STAFF OF THE HOTEL. (AE:4.86 ,TOTAL:4.74)
17. SALMON POPULATIONS WERE SEVERELY DEPLETED RECENTLY. (AE:4.71 ,TOTAL:4.49)
23. OIL IMPORTS ROSE RECENTLY. (AE:4.96 ,TOTAL:4.67)

YET
4. WE DIDN'T YET RECEIVE A CLEAR REFUSAL OF OUR OFFER. (AE:3.79 ,TOTAL:3.51)
7. TO MY KNOWLEDGE SHE DIDN'T LEAVE YET. (AE:3.82 ,TOTAL:3.28)
11. IF YOU DIDN'T SEND IN YOUR PAYMENT YET, PLEASE DO SO IMMEDIATELY. (AE:
4.07,TOTAL:3.67)
18. THE DATA WASN'T YET INTERPRETED. (AE:3.79 ,TOTAL:3.56)

PAST TIME ADVERBIALS
3. I HAVE SEEN JOHN YESTERDAY. (AE:1.96 ,TOTAL:1.98)
6. LONG AGO I'VE GIVEN UP THAT IDEA. (AE:2.18 ,TOTAL:1.95)
9. HE HAS LEFT A FEW MINUTES AGO. (AE:2.18 ,TOTAL:2.14)
12. I HAVE SEEN HIM AGES AGO. (AE:1.79 ,TOTAL:1.77)
16. THAT PROBLEM HAS BEEN SOLVED LONG AGO. (AE:2.89 ,TOTAL:2.81)
20. I HAVE SEEN MARY LAST NIGHT. (AE:1.89 ,TOTAL:1.88)
22. I'VE JUST NOW RECEIVED WORD THAT THEY'VE ARRIVED SAFELY. (AE:4.82
,TOTAL:4.72)

***
I CAN MAKE IT AVAILABLE UPON QUERY IN THE FORM OF A PRIMITIVE EXCEL SHEET.
PLEASE TELL YOUR E-MAIL ADDRESS TO: EXCEL@ENGLISHCAFE.JP

AND I CONTINUE THESE STUDIES AND I NEED MORE REPLIES, ESPECIALLY BRITISH
ENGLISH TO COMPARE IT WITH AE. I WOULD APPRECIATE IT IF NEW REPLIERS COULD
POST TO MY QUERY.

MY QUERY : HTTP://WWW.ENGLISHCAFE.JP/SURVEY.HTML

THANKS AGAIN,

TAKASHI KUMAGAI.
HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, HAKODATE CAMPUS.

LL Issue: 17.2201
Date Posted: 31-Jul-2006