Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

The Language Hoax

By John H. McWhorter

The Language Hoax "argues that that all humans process life the same way, regardless of their language."


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Language and Development in Africa

By H. Ekkehard Wolff

Language and Development in Africa "discusses the resourcefulness of languages, both local and global, in view of the ongoing transformation of African societies as much as for economic development.. "


The LINGUIST List is dedicated to providing information on language and language analysis, and to providing the discipline of linguistics with the infrastructure necessary to function in the digital world. LINGUIST is a free resource, run by linguistics students and faculty, and supported primarily by your donations. Please support LINGUIST List during the 2016 Fund Drive.

Summary Details


Query:   Understandability of Errors
Author:  Noriko Nakanishi (Hirokawa)
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Language Acquisition

Summary:   DEAR LINGUISTS,THANK YOU FOR YOUR RESPONSES TO THE QUERY AND SUMMARY SUBMITTED ON AUG.26IN LINGUIST 15.2394 (HTTP://LINGUISTLIST.ORG/ISSUES/15/15-2394.HTML#2) ANDAUG.30 IN LINGUIST 15.2412 (HTTP://LINGUISTLIST.ORG/ISSUES/15/15-2412.HTML).LISTED BELOW IS THE STATISTICAL DATA ON THE UNDERSTANDABILITY OF ERRORSENTENCES, JUDGED BY 321 RESPONDENTS (NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH=121,JAPANESE=106, OTHERS=94=VERY EASY’ TO ‘5= VERY DIFFICULT’), THUS THE SMALLER THE MEANS OF EVALUATION, THE EASIER THE ERROR SENTENCES WERE JUDGED TO BE.

THE MEANS, AND STANDARD DEVIATIONS (SD) OF THE 60 SENTENCES ARE LISTED ACCORDING TO THE DEGREE OF UNDERSTANDABILITY, “THE EASIEST SENTENCE” ON TOP AND THE “MOST DIFFICULT SENTENCE” AT THE BOTTOM.

MEANS SD ERROR SENTENCES
1.240 0.588 Q10 HE ALWAYS TALK A LOT. (TALKS)
1.246 0.674 Q24 IT TOOK ME A HOUR TO GET THERE. (AN HOUR)
1.370 0.792 Q53 THE BOOK WAS IN A GOOD CONDITION. (GOOD CONDITION)
1.390 0.712 Q58 I LOOK FORWARD TO HEAR FROM YOU. (HEARING)
1.439 0.937 Q05 HE HAS LIVED IN LONDON ALL HIS LIFE. (HAS BEEN)
1.455 0.802 Q09 IT WAS ONE OF THOSE HOT DAY IN JUNE. (DAYS)
1.470 0.810 Q59 I HAD A LOT OF MAILS TODAY. (MAIL)
1.470 0.802 Q28 HE TOOK HER TEETHS OFF. (TEETH)
1.505 0.811 Q07 SHE HAS A VERY IMPORTANT WORK TO DO. (VERY IMPORTANT WORK)
1.523 1.019 Q06 HAVE YOU HEARD FROM HIM LATELY? (RECENTLY)
1.526 0.852 Q03 SOME WEEKS AGO I HAVE SEEN AN ENGLISH FILM. (SAW)
1.536 0.794 Q17 HERE ARE THE MONEY I OWE YOU. (IS)
1.542 0.825 Q19 SHE IS MARRIED WITH A GERMAN. (TO)
1.548 0.964 Q26 SHE IS ALWAYS FINDING FAULTS WITH ME. (FAULT)
1.560 0.850 Q54 WHERE DOES THE SPIDERS GO? (DO)
1.632 1.163 Q08 SHE PREFERS WALKING TO CYCLING. (LIKES WALKING BETTER THAN)
1.680 0.982 Q43 I'M GOING OUT THIS NIGHT. (EVENING)
1.720 0.998 Q27 SHE HAD HER RADIO BESIDE HERSELF. (HER)
1.750 0.912 Q48 SHE NAME IS MARIA. (HER)
1.751 1.090 Q30 ME NEED CRAYONS NOW. (I)
1.760 1.010 Q01 HE AS WELL AS I AM WRONG. (BOTH HE AND I ARE WRONG.)
1.780 0.948 Q40 WHAT DO YOU DO YESTERDAY? (DID)
1.790 0.946 Q44 MY MOTHER WAS GROWN UP IN THE COUNTRY. (GREW)
1.800 0.956 Q56 I CAME HERE FIVE YEARS BEFORE. (AGO)
1.804 1.181 Q29 IS THIS SEAT EMPTY? (TAKEN)
1.850 1.066 Q34 WHAT YOU READING YESTERDAY? (WERE YOU READING)
1.857 1.097 Q04 JOHN IS BLUE EYES. (HAS)
1.890 1.138 Q50 YOU DO GOOD COFFEE! (MAKE)
1.900 1.067 Q42 SHE CANNOT TO GO. (CANNOT GO)
1.910 0.997 Q13 ARE YOU NOTICING THESE CHANGES IN HIS BEHAVIOR? (DO YOU NOTICE)
1.930 1.1103 Q49 CAN I BORROW THE BATHROOM? (USE)
2.030 1.048 Q52 THEY KEPT THE IDEA SECRETLY. (SECRET)
2.040 1.139 Q41 PLEASE TEACH ME THE REASON. (TELL)
2.040 1.327 Q39 THEY WERE BADLY SHAKEN BY THE NEWS. (SHOCKED)
2.165 1.124 Q16 THE PUPILS HAVE NO INTERESTING IN ENGLISH. (INTEREST)
2.170 1.335 Q51 I WAS BOUGHT THAT BOOK BY MY FATHER. (MY FATHER BOUGHT ME THAT BOOK.)
2.180 1.183 Q33 GIVE ME A TELEPHONE WHEN YOU GET HOME. (CALL)
2.199 1.136 Q11 THE COUNTRY WAS DISCOVERING BY COLUMBUS. (DISCOVERED)
2.200 1.120 Q60 A SUN BECOMES RED (THE SUN)
2.220 1.262 Q45 I AM A SALARY MAN. (A SALARIED WORKER)
2.252 1.099 Q15 HERE CAME THE BUS. (COMES)
2.300 1.168 Q31 IT WILL TAKE MORE TWO MONTHS TO FINISH THIS WORK. (TWO MORE MONTHS)
2.340 1.235 Q23 IT NO CAUSE TOO MUCH TROUBLE. (DOESN'T CAUSE)
2.433 1.373 Q20 HE WORKS VERY HARDLY. (HARD)
2.460 1.250 Q32 THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR VARIOUS THINGS. (EVERYTHING)
2.492 1.292 Q02 I WILL ARRIVE UNTIL TWO O'CLOCK. (BEFORE)
2.533 1.299 Q21 MAY I HAVE YOUR SIGN, SIR? (SIGNATURE)
2.592 1.332 Q14 PLEASE WIPE OUT THE FRONT GLASS. (WINDSHIELD)
2.598 1.281 Q12 HIS ATTITUDE AGAINST THEM WAS GOOD. (TOWARDS)
2.650 1.229 Q46 THE ACCIDENT DEPENDED ON THE BAD WEATHER. (WAS DUE TO)
2.676 1.217 Q25 THEY ARE GOOD COMBINATIONS FOR EACH OTHER. (PARTNERS)
2.730 1.303 Q35 YOU ARE TOO SWEET WITH YOUR CHILDREN. (INDULGENT)
2.740 1.224 Q36 PLEASE SEE MY THINGS FOR A FEW MINUTES. (WATCH)
2.785 1.309 Q18 HE THINKS NOT THAT THEY KNOW WHAT TO DO. (DOESN'T THINK)
3.210 1.340 Q55 I WAS THERE IN ACCIDENT. (BY ACCIDENT)
3.277 1.417 Q22 THEY'RE PAINTING HIS OWN FACES. (THEIR)
3.280 1.653 Q37 WHAT KIND OF ARBEIT DO YOU DO? (PART-TIME JOB)
3.500 1.260 Q57 THAT'S A LITTLE BIT OVER. (EXAGGERATED)
3.700 1.409 Q38 ARE YOU A CAR TODAY? (DRIVING)
4.040 1.253 Q47 THAT IS A POISON TO MY EYES. (TOO ATTRACTIVE AND TEMPTING)

FURTHER ANALYSES WILL BE SHOWN ON THE WEB PAGE:
HTTP://MEMBERS.GOO.NE.JP/HOME/QUESTIONNAIRE2004

1. NOW I AM WORKING ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN EACH RESPONDENT’S JUDGMENT AND
1.1. THE NATIVE LANGUAGE GROUP HE / SHE BELONGS TO
1.2. THE NUMBER OF DIFFERENT LANGUAGES HE /SHE CAN SPEAK.

2. THE FURTHER STUDY WILL INCLUDE THE CLASSIFICATION OF ERROR TYPES ACCORDING TO THE DEGREE OF UNDERSTANDABILITY. SO FAR, THE POSSIBLE CLASSIFICATION PATTERNS ARE:
2.1. DEVELOPMENTAL / TRANSFER ERRORS
2.2. MORPHOLOGICAL / LEXICAL / SYNTACTICAL ERRORS.

THANK YOU AGAIN FOR YOUR COOPERATION.
NORIKO NAKANISHINGUISTLIST.ORG/ISSUES/15/15-2412.HTML).

LISTED BELOW IS THE STATISTICAL DATA ON THE UNDERSTANDABILITY OF ERROR
SENTENCES, JUDGED BY 321 RESPONDENTS (NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH=121,
JAPANESE=106, OTHERS=94). THE 60 SENTENCES WERE JUDGED ACCORDING TO THE
5-SCALE UNDERSTANDABILITY LEVELS (‘1=VERY EASY’ TO ‘5= VERY DIFFICULT’),
THUS THE SMALLER THE MEANS OF EVALUATION, THE EASIER THE ERROR SENTENCES
WERE JUDGED TO BE. THE MEANS, AND STANDARD DEVIATIONS (SD) OF THE 60
SENTENCES ARE LISTED ACCORDING TO THE DEGREE OF UNDERSTANDABILITY, “THE
EASIEST SENTENCE” ON TOP AND THE “MOST DIFFICULT SENTENCE” AT THE BOTTOM. 4). THE 60 SENTENCES WERE JUDGED ACCORDING TO THE5-SCALE UNDERSTANDABILITY LEVELS (‘1=VERY EASY’ TO ‘5= VERY DIFFICULT’),THUS THE SMALLER THE MEANS OF EVALUATION, THE EASIER THE ERROR SENTENCESWERE JUDGED TO BE. THE MEANS, AND STANDARD DEVIATIONS (SD) OF THE 60SENTENCES ARE LISTED ACCORDING TO THE DEGREE OF UNDERSTANDABILITY, “THEEASIEST SENTENCE” ON TOP AND THE “MOST DIFFICULT SENTENCE” AT THE BOTTOM.

LL Issue: 15.3596
Date Posted: 23-Dec-2004