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Summary Details


Query:   Strong/Weak Crossover
Author:  Mohammad Rasekh
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   HERE IS A SUMMARY OF THE RESPONSES ON STRONG/WEAK
CROSSOVER:

ILLICIT MOVEMENT OF AN OPERATOR (FOR INSTANCE A
WH-WORD) ACROSS A PRONOUN IN ARGUMENT POSITION WHEN
THE PRONOUN C-COMMANDS THE VARIABLE (TRACE) OF THE
OPERATOR AND PRONOUN AND TRACE ARE COINDEXED.

THIS SOUNDS DIFFICULT BUT ISN'T QUITE SO:

(1) *WHOI, DOES HEI THINK, TI HAS WON THE COMPETITION?

(1) IS UNGRAMMATICAL WITH THE INDEXING INDICATED.
GIVEN THIS COINDEXING THE INTERPRETATION OF THIS
SENTENCE WOULD BE:
FOR WHAT X, X A PERSON: X BELIEVES, THAT X HAS WON THE
COMPETITION.

IN THIS CASE THE VARIABLE (WHO) CROSSES A PRONOUN IN
ARGUMENT POSITION (A POSITION) (HE). HE C-COMMANDS THE
VARIABLE (TRACE T) AND THERE IS COINDEXING OF TRACE,
PRONOUN AND OPERATOR. COMPARE THIS WITH THE
WELL-FORMED

(2) WHOI TI THINKS, HEI HAS WON THE COMPETITION?


WEAK CROSSOVER:

ILLICIT MOVEMENT OF AN OPERATOR OVER A CONSTITUENT
(HIS MOTHER IN (3))) WHICH C-COMMANDS THE VARIABLE
(TRACE) AND CONTAINS A PRONOUN COINDEXED WITH THIS
VARIABLE:

(3) *WHOI DOES [HISI MOTHER] REALLY LIKE TI?

FOR WHAT X, X A PERSON: THE MOTHER OF X LIKES X.

THERE IS NO WEAK CROSSOVER EFFECT WITH A-MOVEMENT:

(4) JOHNI SEEMS TO HISI SISTER [TI TO BE A FOOL].

ALL A'-MOVEMENTS (THAT IS MOVEMENT IN NON-ARGUMENT
POSITION) ARE SUBJECT TO THE STRONG CROSSOVER EFFECT
WHILE ONLY THOSE A'-MOVEMENT RELATIONS INVOLVING A
QUANTIFIER-VARIABLE RELATION ARE SUBJECT TO THE WEAK
CROSSOVER EFFECT. WH-WORDS BEHAVE AS OTHER QUANTIFIERS
DO. COMPARE THE QUESTION OPERATOR OF (3) WITH THE
RELATIVE OPERATOR IN (5) (AND WITH THE TOPICALIZATION
IN (6)):

(5) JOHNI, WHOI HISI MOTHER REALLY LIKES TI ...

(6) JOHNI, HISI MOTHER REALLY LIKES TI.



=====
MOHAMMAD RASEKH MAHAND
ENGLISH AND LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT
LITRATURE AND HUMANITIES FACULTY
BU-ALI SINA UNIVERSITY
HAMADAN,IRAN.

LL Issue: 13.2039
Date Posted: 06-Aug-2002
Original Query: Read original query