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Summary Details

Query:   English Topicalization
Author:  Peter Jenks
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Morphology

Summary:   I received only one substantive reply to my query (Linguist 14.3256). - ----- Peter, Let me make a few observations, some of which I point out in my grammar. 1. I call the three quantifiers, half, both, and all, pre-posed quantifiers. This is based on their distribution before the remaining part of the determiner. Hence we have, (1) Half the people is/are in favor. We agree with half the people. (2) Both the people are in favor. We agree with both the people. (3) All the people are in favor. We agree with all the people. 2. For this reason I take it that the pre-posed quantifiers are nominalized before a partitive phrase (of . . . ). (1a) Half of the people is/are in favor. (2a) Both of the people are in favor. (3a) All of the people are in favor. 3. It is a small step to analyze the phrase with or without the partitive as an adverbial noun phrase. Thus we have it appearing in at least one of the the normal positions of an adverbial adjunct. It doesn't seem to be extraposed in the sentence. (1b) The people are half in favor. (2b) The people are both in favor. (3b) The people are all in favor. Yet, as you pointed out, the (a) versions will extrapose to the end. These phrases, especially the extraposed versions, seem to be filling a role of clarification (1,2) or emphasis (3). (1c) The people are half of them in favor. The people are in favor, half of them. (2c) The people are both of them in favor. The people are in favor, both of them. (3c) The people are all of them in favor. The people are in favor, all of them. The grammar is on my website at It is what I call a paraphrastic grammar, because the analysis of clauses, at least, is based on a set of principles of paraphrase. Bruce D. Despain

LL Issue: 14.3365
Date Posted: 06-Dec-2003
Original Query: Read original query


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