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Summary Details


Query:   Sum: The distribution of -heit/keit in German, or criteria of assessing morphological complexity
Author:  Stefan Ploch
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Morphology

Summary:   SUM: THE DISTRIBUTION OF -HEIT/KEIT IN GERMAN, OR CRITERIA OF ASSESSING
MORPHOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY

DEAR COLLEAGUES,

ON 05 MARCH 2002, I POSTED A QUERY (LINGUIST 13.601) RE. THE
DISTRIBUTION OF -HEIT/KEIT IN GERMAN, CRITERIA OF ASSESSING
MORPHOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY, AND SEARCHABLE ELECTONIC DICTIONARIES. BELOW
YOU WILL FIND A SUMMARY OF ALL RESPONSES I RECEIVED (IN ALPHABETICAL
ORDER ACCORDING TO SURNAME OF AUTHOR, SOMEWHAT EDITED/SHORTENED NOW AND
THEN). IF I RECEIVED MORE THAN ONE EMAIL FROM ONE AND THE SAME AUTHOR, I
NUMBERED THEM (A), (B), (C), ETC.

LET ME AGAIN THANK ALL THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO MY QUERY FOR THEIR
EFFORTS, I.E.:

RON ARTSTEIN
LAURIE BAUER
MARCUS CALLIES
JIM COPELAND
BEATE ENGEL-DOYLE
WILLIAM H. FLETCHER
BENJAMIN FORTSON
PATRICK GROSZ
PIUS TEN HACKEN
HANS-WERNER HATTING
DOUGLAS LIGHTFOOT
EDGAR W. SCHNEIDER
JAN STRUNK
MICHAEL SWAN
R魹 VIREDAZ
BEATE WAFFENSCHMIDT
RICHARD WIESE
LARRY


REGARDS,
STEFAN PLOCH.

- - - - - - -

(1) RON ARTSTEIN

CHECK THE FOLLOWING PAPER BY WIESE, SECTION 4.1; I DON'T KNOW IF IT IS
DIFFERENT FROM WHAT HE HAS IN THE BOOK YOU CITE.

HTTP://PC0880.GERMANISTIK-KUNST.UNI-MARBURG.DE/~MAL/MAL-TEXTS-ARCHIVE/

RICHARD WIESE: HOW PROSODY SHAPES GERMAN WORDS AND MORPHEMES. MARBURGER
ARBEITEN ZUR LINGUISTIK, 5, 2001.


(2) LAURIE BAUER

I WOULD GUESS THAT THE ORIGIN OF YOUR RULE IS FLEISCHER, WOLFGANG
1975. WORTBILDUNG DER DEUTSCHEN GEGENWARTSSPRACHE. TUEBINGEN: NIEMEYER
4., DURCHGESEHENE AUFLAGE, P 151.

DIE FORM -KEIT WIRD ANSTELLE VON -HEIT STETS VERWANDT, WENN DIE
ADJEKTIVISCHE BASIS EEIN DERIVAT IST (MIT DEN SUFFIXEN -IG, -LICH,
-SAM, -BAR) [REFERENCE OMITTED] [A LOT MORE STUFF ON FORMAL
RESTRICTIONS] ... IN DER BEDEUTUNG BESTEHEN GEGENUEBER -HEIT KEINE
UNTERSCHIEDE.

I FIND FLEISCHER REALLY HELPFUL ON ALL SORTS OF DETAILS OF GERMAN.


(3) MARCUS CALLIES

YOU MIGHT WANT TO CHECK THE SUMMARY OF A RECENT QUERY ON LINGUIST
CONCERNING PHONOTACTICS IN MORPHOLOGICAL BLOCKING AND SUPPLETION AT

HTTP://LINGUISTLIST.ORG/ISSUES/13/13-92.HTML

THERE IS ALSO SOME COMMENT ON THE BEHAVIOUR OF THE GERMAN SUFFIX
-HEIT/-KEIT.

A GOOD REFERENCE IS

FLEISCHER, WOLFGANG & IRMHILD BARZ. 1992. WORTBILDUNG DER DEUTSCHEN
GEGENWARTSSPRACHE. TUEBINGEN : NIEMEYER.


(4) JIM COPELAND

I'M SURE YOU KNOW THAT THE ALTERNATION BEGAN HISTORICALLY IN THE SOUTH
WHERE THE SUFFIX -IG WAS PRONOUNCED AS A VOICELESS STOP. IN
COMBINATION WITH THE FURTHER SUFFIX -HEIT, THE K-H BOUNDARY WAS
REANALYSED TO LEAVE THE /K / AS THE BEGINNING PHONEME OF THE SUFFIX
- K(H)EIT. IT IS NOT AT ALL SURPRISING THAT THERE IS NO ABSOLUTE
SYNCHRONIC REGULARITY GOVERNING ITS DISTRIBUTION, GIVEN THAT THE -KEIT
FORM GOES BACK ORIGINALLY TO THE *-IG-HEIT COMBINATION AND WAS LATER
SPREAD IN PART BY ANALOGY.


(5) BEATE ENGEL-DOYLE

WHEN I READ YOUR POSTING, IT OCCURED TO ME THAT WOLFGANG FLEISCHER
PERHAPS MIGHT HAVE SOMETHING TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE RESEARCH YOU ARE
CONDUCTING.

THE TITLE OF HIS MONOGRAPH IS: WORTBILDUNG DER DEUTSCHEN
GEGENWARTSSPRACHE.

I HAVE THE 1982 NIEMEYER EDITION. IN THAT HE TREATS THE PHENOMENON OF
-HEIT/-KEIT IN SECTIONS 2.2.12 FF. IN OTHER SECTIONS, HE DEALS WITH
OTHER

LL Issue: 13.702
Date Posted: 14-Mar-2002
Original Query: Read original query