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Summary Details


Query:   for Query:10.1728 Do Support & Adjectives And Verbs
Author:  Dave Gough
Submitter Email:  click here to access email
Linguistic LingField(s):   Syntax

Summary:   I ASKED A FEW QUESTIONS REGARDING ADJECTIVES:
- SIMILARITIES IN MORPHOLOGY ACROSS ADJECTIVES AND (STATIVE) VERBS
- THE 'BEHAVIOUR' OF CODEMIXED ADJECTIVES
- THE PRESENCE OF A 'DO' SUPPORT STRATEGY IN THE NEGATIVE OF PREDICATE
ADJECTIVES.

A. OVERLAPPING MORPHOLOGY FOR ADJ AND VERBS.

THE ONE QUESTION I HAD CONCERNED LANGUAGES WHICH SHOWED SIMILARITIES IN THE
MORPHOLOGY FOR ADJECTIVES AND VERBS WHERE THESE ARE OTHERWISE DISTINCT
CLASSES


1. HEBREW - THE PRESENT TENSE LOOKS REMARKABLY LIKE ADJECTIVES AS THE VERBS
ARE INFLECTED FOR NUMBER AND GENDER, NOT FOR PERSON. ADJECTIVES AND VERBS
ARE OTHERWISE DISTINCT CLASSES; THIS CAN BE SEEN BY PUTTING
THE SENTENCES IN THE PAST OR FUTURE TENSES.

2. JAPANESE AND TIBETAN ARE TWO LANGUAGES THAT HAVE PARTLY OVERLAPPING
MORPHOLOGY FOR VERBS AND ADJECTIVES. JAPANESE ADJECTIVES TAKE MUCH OF THE
SAME TENSE MARKING AS VERBS DO (SAMU-I 'IS COLD'' -- SAMU-KATTA 'WAS COLD'
ETC.). SOME TIBETAN ETYMOLOGICAL ADJECTIVES HAVE LIMITED VERBAL
MORPHOLOGY TOO ('DI PAGI LAS CHE-GI RED [DI PH@GI LEE CHIGI REE] THIS THAT
THAN BIG-PRES/FUT AUX 'THIS IS BIGGER THAN THAT' SHOWS THE PRESENT-FUTURE
VERBAL SUFFIX -GI AND THE AUXILIARY VERB RED (A PREDICATIVE VERB), LIKE
A FULL VERBAL PHRASE AS IN DERING MORANG-GIS BAGLEB ZA-GI RED [THE_RING
MORANG-GI PHA_LEE S@_GI REE] TODAY SHE-ERG BREAD EAT-PRES/FUT AUX 'SHE
IS GOING TO EAT BREAD TODAY'.

3. CHOCTAW AND MOST OF THE SALISHAN LANGUAGES, ALL NORTH AMERICAN,
HAVEIDENTICAL MORPHOLOGY FOR VERBS AND ADJECTIVES AT BOTH THE FUNCTIONAL AND
LEXICAL LEVEL.

4. IN MALAY, THERE ARE MANY CASES OF ADJ & VERB MOPHOLOGY FORMS ARE
IDENTICAL. 2 TYPES OF MALAY MORPHO FORMS ARE RELATED TO THIS : BER- AND
ME-KAN , OTHER FORMS EXISTS TOO LIKE ME-

EG:
MEYAKINKAN (ROOT-YAKIN, OFTEN PRECEEDED BY YANG, RELATIVISER)
1.

LL Issue: 10.1917
Date Posted: 12-Dec-1999
Original Query: Read original query