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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule

New from Cambridge University Press!


Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.

New from Brill!


Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin

Query Details

Query Subject:   Use of 'Substitute'
Author:   David Denison
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Historical Linguistics

Query:   I'm just tidying up a paper (draft available on on the reversal of _substitute_,which in British English is moving rapidly from the subcategorisation(1) substitute new for oldtowards(2) substitute old for new- a switch which raises some interesting questions. I've got one passiveexample from the American National Corpus whose interpretation isn't 100%clear to me. Could a native speaker of American football English give methe sports-language-for-dummies version, assuming complete ignorance of thesetup and the jargon?(3) Non-specialists only can be substituted out of the lineup once perquarter, meaning two-way players can expect to be on the field upward of 45to 50 minutes of a 60-minute game. (ANC, NYTimes)In particular, what does 'out of the lineup' mean? - that the coach cantake non-specialist players off the bench and send them out onto the field,or that he can bring them off the field, or perhaps that he can bring themoff the field and replace them by others waiting to come on? And whateverit means, does example (3) represent normal usage in context? Many thanks.
LL Issue: 15.3523
Date posted: 18-Dec-2004


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