Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


New from Brill!

ad

Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Query Details


Query Subject:   have (got) to
Author:   Kenji Kashino
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Pragmatics
Semantics
Syntax
Subject Language(s):  English


Query:   Mon, 15 Dec 1997 11:25:00 +0900
Kenji Kashino
YIB00161@niftyserve.or.jp
Q: have(got)to



I am now interested in the semi-modals ''have to'' and ''have got to'' in
English.

I think sentence (2) is more emphatic and more emotional than (1). Am
I right ? If there are any other differences between them, tell them
to me.

(1) You have to be kidding.
(2) You've got to be kidding.
Could you e-mail me directly?
With thanks in advance and best wishes,
Kenji Kashino






Mon, 15 Dec 97 11:21:55 +0100
Melissa Barkat
Melissa.Barkat@mrash.fr
Perceptual test



Does anyone of you have any idea about :

1. the segmental / suprasegmental cues used by arabic 'hearers' to
recognize the dialectal origine of an arabic speaker ?

2. the way I could set up a perceptual test in order to analyse the
role played by intonation for the recognition of arabic dialects. (I
intend to use low-filtered sentences produced by Arabic speakers from
different countries to see if any information is present on the F0).

Many thanks and best regards,

<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>
Melissa BARKAT
Maison Rhone-Alpes des Sciences de l'Homme
Laboratoire de Dynamique Du Langage
14, Avenue Berthelot
69363 Lyon Cedex 07
Tel : 04 72 72 64 63
Fax : 04 72 72 65 90
E-Mail : Melissa.Barkat@mrash.fr
<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>o<>
LL Issue: 8.1789
Date posted: 16-Dec-1997



Back

Sums main page