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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule

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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.

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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin

Query Details

Query Subject:   Modals
Author:   Kenji Kashino
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Linguistic LingField(s):  Pragmatics
Subject Language(s):  English

Query:   Hi! I have some questions about English modals.
Which modal is more suitable in (1) and (2)?

(1) Bill isn't eating his food. He (doesn't have to / may not) be

(2) A: Someone is knocking on the door. It must be John.
B: It (doesn't have to / may not) be John. It could be George.

In the following example, does ''It doesn't have to be Dexter.'' have
the meanin g of (4a) or (4b)? The context of example (3) is as
follows: FBI is looking f or a senator who hatches a plot to
assassinate the U S President. They narrowed th e suspicious senators
down to five. This is what Mark said after someone told

Mark that it is Dexter.

(3) ''The other four senators may have more powerful motives we don't
happen to know about. It doesn't have to be Dexter,'' continued Mark,
sounding unconvinced.
(4) a. It is not certain that it is Dexter.
b. It is possible that it is not Dexter.

Please e-mail me directly.

With thanks in advance and best wishes,
Kenji Kashino (Kenny)
LL Issue: 9.30
Date posted: 11-Jan-1998


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