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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."


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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."


Query Details


Query Subject:   Paralinguistic clicks
Author:   Mark Jones
Submitter Email:  click here to access email

Query:   DEAR LINGUISTS,

IT'S COMMON IN THE PHONETIC LITERATURE (E.G. JOHN LAVER (1994) "PRINCIPLES OF PHONETICS": 175, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS) TO SEE CLICK CONSONANTS (VELARIC INGRESSIVE SOUNDS) DESCRIBED AS RARE AS CONTRASTIVE UNITS, BUT COMMON PARALINGUISTICALLY. I'M AWARE OF THEIR PHONOLOGICAL DISTRIBUTION, BUT I DON'T KNOW OF ANY DETAILED SURVEY OF PARALINGUISTIC USAGE.

IN (BRITISH) ENGLISH WE HAVE TWO PARALINGUISTIC CLICKS: THE DENTAL CLICK ([/]), WRITTEN AS EITHER "TUT" OR "TSK", AND THE LATERAL CLICK ([//]), WHICH AS FAR AS I'M AWARE HAS NO WRITTEN FORM. THE DENTAL "TUT/TSK" USUALLY OCCURS DOUBLED, I.E. AS "TUT TUT" OR "TSK TSK" TO INDICATE DISAPPROVAL. THE LATERAL CLICK (ALSO DOUBLED) IS THE SOUND MADE TO ENCOURAGE A HORSE TO MOVE. THERE IS, OF COURSE, ALSO THE BILABIAL CLICK ([0]) WHICH IS A KISS. I DON'T INCLUDE THIS AS PARALINGUISTIC, BECAUSE IT IS WHAT IT SYMBOLISES.

I'D LIKE TO CCONDUCT AS WIDE A CROSS-LINGUISTIC SURVEY AS POSSIBLE TO DETERMINE:

1) WHETHER CLICKS ARE WIDELY USED PARALINGUISTICALLY;
2) WHICH CLICKS ARE USED PARALINGUISTICALLY;
3) WHAT THE CLICK SOUNDS SYMBOLISE;
4) WHETHER 'DOUBLING' OF THE CLICK IS COMMON, E.G. AS IN ENGLISH "TUT TUT".

I'D ALSO LIKE TO HEAR ABOUT WRITING CONVENTIONS FOR THE PARALINGUISTIC CLICKS. DOES ENGLISH HAVE A PREFERENCE FOR "TUT" OR "TSK", DOES [//] HAVE A WRITTEN FORM? WHAT DO OTHER LANGUAGES DO?

I'D BE VERY GRATEFUL IF LIST USERS WOULD CONTRIBUTE ANY INFORMATION ON THEIR NATIVE OR NEAR-NATIVE LANGUAGES TO ME AT THE FOLLOWING MAIL ADDRESS (SET UP TO KEEP MY UNIVERSITY MAIL VOLUME DOWN):

PARALINGUISTIC_CLICKS@HOTMAIL.COM

I'LL POST A SUMMARY, BUT I'D LIKE TO GIVE USERS A FEW WEEKS TO RESPOND.

MANY THANKS!

MARK JONES
DEPARTMENT OF LINGUISTICS
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
MJJ13@CAM.AC.UK
LL Issue: 14.762
Date posted: 17-Mar-2003