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Academic Paper


Title: Laryngeal co-occurrence restrictions in Aymara: contrastive representations and constraint interaction
Author: Sara Mackenzie
Institution: Memorial University
Linguistic Field: Phonology
Subject Language: Aymara, Southern
Aymara, Central
Abstract: Through analyses of laryngeal co-occurrence restrictions in two varieties of Aymara, this article shows that contrastively specified representations are crucial in shaping phonological patterning. The article argues for a model of contrastive specifications in which features are hierarchically ordered (Dresher ). This results in asymmetries between features such that, for a given inventory, some features are contrastively specified in a greater number of segments than others. This asymmetry between features plays a central role in accounting for the interaction of place of articulation features and laryngeal features in Bolivian Aymara. The article also demonstrates that contrastive representations can be achieved as output forms in Optimality Theory and that the constraints which determine contrastive representations can be integrated with constraints which motivate restrictions on the co-occurrence, ordering and location of laryngeal features in Peruvian and Bolivian Aymara.

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This article appears IN Phonology Vol. 30, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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