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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

By Richard W. Bailey

"Takes a novel approach to the history of American English by focusing on hotbeds of linguistic activity throughout American history."


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Language, Literacy, and Technology

By Richard Kern

"In this book, Richard Kern explores how technology matters to language and the ways in which we use it. Kern reveals how material, social and individual resources interact in the design of textual meaning, and how that interaction plays out across contexts of communication, different situations of technological mediation, and different moments in time."


Academic Paper


Title: Learning the identity effect as an artificial language: bias and generalisation
Author: Gillian Gallagher
Institution: New York University
Linguistic Field: Phonology; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: The results of two artificial grammar experiments show that individuals learn a distinction between identical and non-identical consonant pairs better than an arbitrary distinction, and that they generalise the distinction to novel segmental pairs. These results have implications for inductive models of learning, because they necessitate an explicit representation of identity. While identity has previously been represented as root-node sharing in autosegmental representations (Goldsmith , McCarthy ), or implicitly assumed to be a property that constraints can reference (MacEachern , Coetzee & Pater ), the model of inductive learning proposed by Hayes & Wilson () assumes strictly feature-based representations, and is unable to reference identity directly. This paper explores the predictions of the Hayes & Wilson model and compares it to a modification of the model where identity is represented (Colavin et al.). The results of both experiments support a model incorporating direct reference to identity.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Phonology Vol. 30, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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