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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

By Asya Pereltsvaig and Martin W. Lewis

This book "asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology" and "defends traditional practices in historical linguistics while remaining open to new techniques, including computational methods" and "will appeal to readers interested in world history and world geography."


Academic Paper


Title: Learning the identity effect as an artificial language: bias and generalisation
Author: Gillian Gallagher
Institution: New York University
Linguistic Field: Phonology; Psycholinguistics
Abstract: The results of two artificial grammar experiments show that individuals learn a distinction between identical and non-identical consonant pairs better than an arbitrary distinction, and that they generalise the distinction to novel segmental pairs. These results have implications for inductive models of learning, because they necessitate an explicit representation of identity. While identity has previously been represented as root-node sharing in autosegmental representations (Goldsmith , McCarthy ), or implicitly assumed to be a property that constraints can reference (MacEachern , Coetzee & Pater ), the model of inductive learning proposed by Hayes & Wilson () assumes strictly feature-based representations, and is unable to reference identity directly. This paper explores the predictions of the Hayes & Wilson model and compares it to a modification of the model where identity is represented (Colavin et al.). The results of both experiments support a model incorporating direct reference to identity.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Phonology Vol. 30, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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