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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: 'Prosodic manifestations of the Effort Code in Catalan, Italian and Spanish contrastive focus'
Author: Maria Del MarVanrell
Institution: 'Universidad Autónoma de Madrid'
Author: AntonioStella
Institution: 'Università del Salento'
Author: Barbara GiliFivela
Institution: 'Università del Salento'
Author: PilarPrieto
Institution: 'Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Universitat Pompeu Fabra'
Linguistic Field: 'Phonetics; Phonology'
Subject Language: 'Catalan-Valencian-Balear'
' Italian'
' Spanish'
Abstract: This paper investigates the relevance of three prosodic parameters (alignment, duration and scaling) in the conveyance of contrastive focus in Catalan, Italian and Spanish. In particular, we seek to determine how the Effort Code is instantiated in the expression of contrastive focus in both production and perception. According to the Effort Code, putting more effort into speech production will lead to greater articulatory precision (de Jong 1995, Gussenhoven 2004) and this is related to the expression of focus in the sense that wider pitch excursions will be used to signal meanings that are relevant from an informational point of view. A dual production and perception experiment based on an identification task was conducted. Results for the production part show that contrastive focus accents have earlier peaks for all three languages but f0 peaks are systematically lower only in Italian. Syllables bearing the contrastive focus accents are also longer in the three languages. Regarding the results for the perception part, converging evidence is found not only for an active perceptual use of the three prosodic parameters present in production but also for language-specific preferences for particular prosodic parameters.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of the International Phonetic Association Vol. 43, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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