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Academic Paper


Title: Intelligibility of American English vowels of native and non-native speakers in quiet and speech-shaped noise
Author: Chang Liu
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Author: Su-Hyun Jin
Institution: University of Texas at Austin
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition
Abstract: This study examined intelligibility of twelve American English vowels produced by English, Chinese, and Korean native speakers in quiet and speech-shaped noise in which vowels were presented at six sensation levels from 0 dB to 10 dB. The slopes of vowel intelligibility functions and the processing time for listeners to identify vowels were dependent on speakers’ language backgrounds and non-native speakers’ vowel intelligibility in quiet. These results indicated that noise background affected non-native speakers’ vowel intelligibility more greatly than native speakers, possibly due to the acoustic deviations in non-native speech and lack of listeners’ experience to non-native produced speech.

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This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 16, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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