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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: The image-schematic anchorage of the preposition fi (in): The logic of containment in Tunisian Arabic
Author: Zouhair Maalej
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Manouba
Linguistic Field: Semantics; Cognitive Science
Abstract: It is uncontroversial that prepositions assume spatial meanings as default, with the spatialisation of time as deriving therefrom metaphorically (Lyons, 1977; Sweetser, 1990; O'Keefe, 1999, etc.). It is also uncontroversial that the interpretation of spatial expressions is tightly linked to details of our biological and cognitive make-up (Lyons, 1977; Sweetser, 1990). Although the spatial-to-temporal interface of prepositions is well-documented (Lyons, 1977; Cienki, 1989; Sweetser, 1990; O'Keefe, 1999, etc.), the spatial one as mediated through the cognitive processes of metaphor and image-schemata is less studied. Combining Lakoff's Spatialization-of-Form Hypothesis (Lakoff, 1987) and pragmatics, the present paper studies the preposition fi (in) in the simple N-fi-N construction in Tunisian Arabic (TA). It proposes that fi in the N-fi-N construction is differentiated pragmatically into sub-image-schemata such as enclosure, dangling, penetration, and encirclement, which all are realised by the image-schematic structure of containment. These sub-image-schemata are argued to be determined either by the trajector or the landmark (Langacker, 1987).
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Budapest, Hungary: E ötvös Lorand University.
Publication Info: In: Szilvia Csabi & Judit Zerkowitz (eds.), Textual Secrets: The Message of the Medium. Proceedings of the 21st PALA Conference, pp. 227-236.


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