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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

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Academic Paper


Title: Ambiguity Resolution in Sentence Processing: the role of lexical and contextual information
Author: Despina Papadopoulou
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Crete
Author: Harald Clahsen
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://privatewww.essex.ac.uk/~harald/
Institution: Universit├Ąt Potsdam
Linguistic Field: Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: Greek, Modern
Abstract: This study investigates how the parser employs thematic and contextual information in resolving temporary ambiguities during sentence processing. We report results from a sentence-completion task and from a self-paced reading experiment with native speakers of Greek examining two constructions under different referential context conditions: relative clauses (RCs) preceded by complex noun phrases with genitives, [NP1+NP2], and RCs preceded by complex noun phrases containing prepositional phrases, [NP1+[P NP2]]. We found different attachment preferences for these two constructions, a high (NP1) preference for RCs with genitive antecedents and a low (NP2) preference for RCs with PP antecedents. Moreover, referential context information was found to modulate RC attachment differently in the two experimental tasks. We interpret these findings from the perspective of modular theories of sentence processing and argue that on-line ambiguity resolution relies primarily on grammatical and lexical-thematic information, and makes use of referential context information only as a secondary resource.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Journal of Linguistics Vol. 42, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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