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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: La categoría evidencial del castellano: metonimia y elevación de sujeto
Author: Fernando Bermúdez
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Stockholm University
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Pragmatics; Semantics; Syntax
Subject Language: Spanish
Abstract: This article discusses the claim that Spanish has only lexical evidentials, i.e. that evidentiality has not been grammaticalized in Spanish. In particular the so-called "raising" constructions with infinitive ("la veo trabajar") and gerund ("la veo trabajando") are analyzed in their functions as sensory and endophoric grammatical markers. Moreover, the Spanish data are used as a background for an evaluation of proposed taxonomies of evidentiality (Willett 1988; Frawley 1992). It is shown that Willett’s model is better suited to account for evidentiality in Spanish, distinguishing between indirect vs. direct evidence, and furthermore between sensory direct evidence and endophoric direct evidence. Finally, a cognitive explanation of the evidential meaning of "raising" constructions is given, based on the concepts conceptual distance and prominence.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Boletín de Lingüística 22, 3-31
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