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Academic Paper


Title: Los tiempos verbales como marcadores evidenciales. El caso del pretérito perfecto compuesto
Author: Fernando Bermúdez
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Institution: Stockholm University
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Morphology; Pragmatics; Semantics
Subject Language: Spanish
Abstract: Although it is widely recognized that people in everyday situations uses tense morphemes “atypically” (for example present tense used to describe events which are clearly in the past or past tense used to describe present or future events), most researchers insist on the idea that the main task of tense morphology is to encode temporality. In this paper we argue against this received theory of tense and propose instead an interpretation of tense morphemes as evidentiality/modality markers. Moreover, an analysis of the River Plate Spanish present perfect is proposed that relies on this interpretation. All meanings attributed to the present perfect in the literature (resultative, iterative, mirative, grade of commitment, formality) are explained as extensions of the core evidential meaning, namely “according to available evidence, I conclude/state X”.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Estudios Filológicos 40, 165-188
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