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The Social Origins of Language

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Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

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Academic Paper


Title: Reflexive-Middle and Reciprocal-Middle Continua in Romanian
Paper URL: http://www.calude.net/andreea/Calude_middles.pdf
Author: Andreea Simona Calude
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.calude.net/andreea/andreea.html
Institution: University of Reading
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science
Subject Language: Romanian
Subject Language Family: Romance
Abstract: Despite the mention of the existence of the Romanian middle marker se (Kemmer 1993a, Cornilescu 1998), there is to date no study which focuses primarily on the Romanian Middle Domain. The present paper investigates two middles categories found inside the Romanian Middle Domain, namely reflexive middles and reciprocal middles. Findings show that the semantic property of low elaboration of events (introduced by Kemmer 1993a, b) constitutes the common denominator among the different uses explored. One innovative aspect of the research concerns the uncovering of formal and semantic continua between the two Romanian middle categories (reflexive middles and reciprocal middles) and their non-middle counterparts (prototypical reflexives and prototypical reciprocals, respectively). This contributes to our understanding of the interaction and relationships between middle categories and their non-middle counterparts, for the case of Romanian. The results raise several questions regarding middle systems cross-linguistically, such as: do any other middle systems exhibit continua among their categories, and, if so, which types are they and are these the same as the ones found in Romanian? This work provides an insight into Romanian itself, as well as a contribution to theoretical accounts of middle systems in general, and it raises more far-reaching questions regarding the nature of human categorization and our view of grammatical categories in general.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress
Venue: The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Publication Info: Proceedings of the Australian Linguistics Society Conference
URL: http://www.calude.net/andreea/Calude_middles.pdf


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