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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

By Aidan Doyle

This book "sets the history of the Irish language in its political and cultural context" and "makes available for the first time material that has previously been inaccessible to non-Irish speakers."

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The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics

Edited By Keith Allan and Kasia M. Jaszczolt

This book "fills the unquestionable need for a comprehensive and up-to-date handbook on the fast-developing field of pragmatics" and "includes contributions from many of the principal figures in a wide variety of fields of pragmatic research as well as some up-and-coming pragmatists."

Academic Paper

Title: On the Ontology of Cognition
Author: Gouri Sankar Mahapatro
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Utkal University of Culture
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science
Abstract: Characterization of cognition either as a semblance of ‘real’ or ’unreal’; 'finite’ or ‘infinite’; ’multiple’ or ‘one’;’ divided’ or ‘united’; ’true’ or ‘false’; ’gradual’ or ‘sudden’; ‘continuous’ or ‘discrete’ induces distortions and confusions through incompleteness and partiality. As either part of the above dichotomy is void and nonexistent without the other, both are the dual principles of the one and the same phenomenon. The contention of this paper is that a depiction of cognition is to be a transcendental summation (different from the mathematical one) of all the possible extreme oppositions; a simultaneity of coexistence and harmony of multiplicity in an indivisible, absolute ONE, where the ONE is identical to not ‘non-existent’ as there is no duality or multiplicity; rather the language of expression is no more required to characterize anything. In the present work, it is conceived that the unification of oppositions is a motion in itself not enslaved by Time and Space; rather mind uses the forces of Time and space to transmute into an eternal ONE through a transcendental transfiguration of multiple oppositions realizing the secrets of creation. The ‘motion within’ is indifferent from the notion of physical motion in the sense that it is a progression of consciousness as always afresh and anew resulted from the infinite flash of mental percepts activated by sensory and beyond sensory movements. /L//L/This work presents a new dimension of cognition and possible ideas of its simulation, breaking away the established theses of Representational and Computational or dynamical theories of Mind and consciousness. We also propose a linguistic analysis at par with any other real world entity employing the principles of extreme dualities. The idea of harmonizing the extreme oppositions would revolutionize the simulation of cognitive processes, in which the concept of “semi-hidden” layer would be correlated with the subconscious level of mind.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress

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