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Evolutionary Syntax

By Ljiljana Progovac

This book "outlines novel and testable hypotheses, contains extensive examples from many different languages" and is "presented in accessible language, with more technical discussion in footnotes."

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The Making of Vernacular Singapore English

By Zhiming Bao

This book "proposes a new theory of contact-induced grammatical restructuring" and "offers a new analytical approach to New English from a formal or structural perspective."

Academic Paper

Title: Bare English-origin Nouns in Spanish: Rates, constraints, and discourse functions
Author: Rena Torres Cacoullos
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Author: Roger Blench
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: (personal interest - not currently working at a university)
Linguistic Field: Language Documentation; Syntax; Text/Corpus Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: We test the hypothesis that single other-language-origin words are nonce loans (Sankoff, Poplack & Vanniarajan, 1990) as opposed to code-switches in a corpus-based study of English-origin nouns occurring spontaneously in New Mexican Spanish discourse. The object of study is determiner-less nouns, whose status is superficially ambiguous. The study shows that even with typologically similar languages, variable rule analysis can reveal details of the grammar that constitute conflict sites, even when relative frequencies for variants are similar. Though the rate of bare nouns is identical, their distribution patterns in Spanish and English differ. Linguistic conditioning parallel with the former, and at odds with the latter, shows that the contentious items are loanwords. In information flow terms (Dubois 1980, Thompson 1997), it is not lack of grammatical integration, but non-referential uses of nonce-loan nouns to form recipient-language predicates, that is manifested in zero determination.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: Language Variation and Change
Publication Info: 15:3.289-328

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