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The Universal Structure of Categories: Towards a Formal Typology

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This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.


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Academic Paper


Title: Procedure for the Design of a Readability Index for English Texts as read by Hispanic Readers
Author: Pauline Moore
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: This dissertation used verbal report techniques to research reading difficulties encountered in English text by two Hispanic readers. Think-aloud and recall protocols were collected from two readers, who were interviewed to discover their beliefs about and attitude to reading in English, with three different texts, which had been previously measured for difficulty on four dimensions; lexical complexity, syntactic complexity, discourse pattern and cultural load. The resulting transcripts were then analyzed for the frequency of problems presented by each text. The frequency and type of problems were compared to the predictions of order and degree of difficulty resulting from the analysis of the four textual dimensions. It was found that, while there were significant differences in the reading ability and style of the two subjects, there was also considerable similarity in the difficulties they encountered. The results suggest that text difficulty is susceptible to measurement which would prove useful for selection of examination materials. It would also seem clear that no one dimension is sufficient on its own to predict text difficulty.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed


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