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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

By Peter Mark Roget

This book "supplies a vocabulary of English words and idiomatic phrases 'arranged … according to the ideas which they express'. The thesaurus, continually expanded and updated, has always remained in print, but this reissued first edition shows the impressive breadth of Roget's own knowledge and interests."


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The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek

By Franco Montanari

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Academic Paper


Title: Writing and Writing Behavior
Author: Lafi M. Alharbi
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Kuwait University
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Abstract: This paper analyses writing and writing behavior. In the light of contemporary drift of sociolinguistics, an attempt is made to assess : (1) writing as a cognitive behavior; (2) elements of contrast between speech and writing; (3) the role of writing as medium of communication; (4) writing environment; (5) progress of writing; (6) amalgamation of writing, criticism and creativity; and finally (7) constituents of 'good' writing. /L//L/A cognitive theory of writing differs from the traditional paradigm. Writing is treated traditionally as a linguistic product. In contrast, a cognitive model of writing, as advocated by Flower & Hayes (1981), is constructed as follows. (1) "The process of writing is best understood as a set of distinctive thinking processes which writers organize during the act of composing" (p.366). (2) These processes are arranged hierarchically into a network whereby one process is implanted into another. (3) Each act of writing is goal-oriented thinking process which is guided by the overall network of goals. (4) Writers generate and regenerate their goals as they experience composing./L//L/There is no writing if there is no message. Thus, composing is triggered when relevant ideas and data emerge. They, however, are usually indexed according to the order in which they arise and received. Ideas and data, then, are to be rearranged to comply with the rhetorical intention. Arrangements and rearrangements of data and ideas perpetuate in a developmental fashion until final text is assembled, and hence the rhetorical goal is fulfilled. /L/Composing operates at different levels such as; word, sentence, paragraph and text level. The writer engages his linguistic and cultural experience at all levels. Text production processes--the most lengthy and complex of all--involve; (a) selection of lexical, grammatical and stylistic patterns; (b) building sentences and paragraphs; and (c) revision and editing. The later--which includes constant monitoring, revision and final editing--is a repetitive process, which is necessarily utilized in every stage of composing. Composing stages though absorbed in the process of writing are characteristically distinct behaviors.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: In Progress


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