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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Asymmetrical language switching costs in Chinese–English bilinguals' number naming and simple arithmetic
Author: Jamie I. D. Campbell
Institution: University of Saskatchewan
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Applied Linguistics; Neurolinguistics; Phonology
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
Abstract: Meuter and Allport (1999) demonstrated greater RT (response time) costs for bilinguals to switch to their first language (L1) from their second language (L2) relative to switching to L2 from L1. Here, analyses of digit naming and simple arithmetic (from 2+2 to 9+9 and from 2×2 to 9×9) by Chinese–English bilinguals demonstrated that these asymmetrical language switching costs can vary with stimulus format (Arabic or Mandarin numerals), and that the asymmetry is observed both with direct retrieval (e.g. naming the digit "8") and indirect retrieval from the lexicon (e.g. answering "2+6"). Inhibitory processes in language selection entail format- and task-specific skills.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 8, Issue 1.

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