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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: Asymmetrical language switching costs in Chinese–English bilinguals' number naming and simple arithmetic
Author: Jamie I. D. Campbell
Institution: University of Saskatchewan
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Applied Linguistics; Neurolinguistics; Phonology
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
English
Abstract: Meuter and Allport (1999) demonstrated greater RT (response time) costs for bilinguals to switch to their first language (L1) from their second language (L2) relative to switching to L2 from L1. Here, analyses of digit naming and simple arithmetic (from 2+2 to 9+9 and from 2×2 to 9×9) by Chinese–English bilinguals demonstrated that these asymmetrical language switching costs can vary with stimulus format (Arabic or Mandarin numerals), and that the asymmetry is observed both with direct retrieval (e.g. naming the digit "8") and indirect retrieval from the lexicon (e.g. answering "2+6"). Inhibitory processes in language selection entail format- and task-specific skills.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 8, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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