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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: A Comparative Study of Ideational Grammatical Metaphor in Scientific and Political Texts
Paper URL:
Author: Bahram Kazemian
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Islamic Azad University, Tabriz
Author: Biook Behnam
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Cognitive Science; Discipline of Linguistics
Abstract: According to Thompson (2002) and Eggins (1994), one important function of nominalization is condensation. Collective texts typically initiate new meanings in the form of clauses, since clauses are negotiable, they present claims by the writer that the reader can reject. Once a meaning has been introduced in this way and has been accepted (i.e. the reader has continued reading), it can then be used as a basis for the next step in the argument. Nominal groups have two qualities: First, a noun typically refers to a thing, that is, something that exists. By nouning a process, writers can mirror the fact that they have discussed and created the meaning of clause concentrated on the process-in other words, that meaning can now be handled as having existence. Second, the nominalization is itself accessible to act as a participant in another process. It can also function as Theme. One reason why nominalization is in accord with the ideology of scientific, academic, and formal writing in general, is that it makes it easy for processes to be objectified- to be transmitted without the human doer.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: The Journal of Applied Linguistics and Discourse Analysis, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani Unversity, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, 2013, 40-70, Vol. 1, No, 1., Only in Print version.
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