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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Vocabulary growth in second language among immigrant school-aged children in Greece
Author: Panagiotis G. Simos
Institution: University of Crete
Author: Georgios D. Sideridis
Institution: University of Crete
Author: Angeliki Mouzaki
Institution: University of Crete
Author: Aspasia Chatzidaki
Institution: University of Crete
Author: Maria Tzevelekou
Institution: Institute of Language and Speech Processing
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: Greek, Modern
Albanian, Arvanitika
Abstract: The goal of the study was to assess differences between native Greek and bilingual, immigrant children of Albanian descent learning Greek as a second language on a receptive vocabulary measure. Vocabulary measures were obtained at five time points, 6 months apart, from 580 children attending Grades 2–4. Individual variability on both initial performance (intercept) and growth rate (slope) was assessed using hierarchical linear modeling, which included linguistic/ethnic group, parental education (as a socioeconomic status [SES] indicator), gender, and a measure of nonverbal cognitive ability as time-invariant predictors of vocabulary growth. Results indicated that linguistic/ethnic group, parental education, and baseline nonverbal cognitive ability were significant predictors of initial vocabulary scores, whereas only linguistic/ethnic group and nonverbal ability accounted for significant variability in vocabulary growth rates. Additional analyses confirmed that linguistic/ethnic group remained a significant predictor of receptive vocabulary knowledge at both the intercept and the slope levels even after controlling for the initial differences between groups on parental education and block design subtest scores.


This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 35, Issue 3.

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