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Academic Paper


Title: Dual language profiles of Latino children of immigrants: Stability and change over the early school years
Author: Brian A. Collins
Institution: Hunter College
Author: Erin E. O'Connor
Institution: New York University
Author: Carola Suárez-Orozco
Institution: University of California
Author: Alfonso Nieto-Castañon
Institution: Boston University
Author: Claudio O. Toppelberg
Institution: Harvard Medical School
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Sociolinguistics
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: Dual language children enter school with varying levels of proficiencies in their first and second language. This study of Latino children of immigrants (N = 163) analyzes their dual language profiles at kindergarten and second grade, derived from the direct assessment of Spanish and English proficiencies (Woodcock Language Proficiency Batteries—Revised). Children were grouped based on the similarity of language profiles (competent profiles, such as dual proficient, Spanish proficient, and English proficient; and low-performing profiles, including borderline proficient and limited proficient). At kindergarten, the majority of children (63%) demonstrated a low-performing profile; by second grade, however, the majority of children (64%) had competent profiles. Change and stability of language profiles over time of individual children were then analyzed. Of concern, are children who continued to demonstrate a low-performing, high-risk profile. Factors in the linguistic environments at school and home, as well as other family and child factors associated with dual language profiles and change/stability over time were examined, with a particular focus on the persistently low-performing profile groups.

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This article appears IN Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 35, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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