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A comprehensive history of slang in the English speaking world by its leading lexicographer.


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The Universal Structure of Categories: Towards a Formal Typology

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This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.


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Academic Paper


Title: Comparing the effect of skewed and balanced input on English as a foreign language learners’ comprehension of the double-object dative construction
Author: Kim McDonough
Institution: Concordia University
Author: Tatiana Nekrasova-Becker
Institution: Second Language Testing, Inc.
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition; Syntax
Subject Language: English
Abstract: According to usage-based approaches to acquisition, the detection of a construction may be facilitated when input contains numerous exemplars with a shared lexical item, which is referred to as skewed input. First language studies have shown that skewed input is more beneficial for the acquisition of novel constructions than balanced input, in which a small set of lexical verbs occurs an equal number of times. However, a second language (L2) study of datives found no advantage for skewed input compared to balanced input. The present study compared the effectiveness of skewed and balanced input at facilitating the comprehension of the double-object dative construction in L2 English. Over a 2-week period, Thai English as foreign language learners (N = 78) completed comprehension tests and a treatment activity that provided either skewed first, skewed random, or balanced input. The results indicated that balanced input was most effective at promoting comprehension of double-object datives. The implications are discussed in terms of the benefits of different types of input for L2 learners.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Applied Psycholinguistics Vol. 35, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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