Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


May I Quote You on That?

By Stephen Spector

A guide to English grammar and usage for the twenty-first century, pairing grammar rules with interesting and humorous quotations from American popular culture.

New from Cambridge University Press!


The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages

Edited By Peter K. Austin and Julia Sallabank

This book "examines the reasons behind the dramatic loss of linguistic diversity, why it matters, and what can be done to document and support endangered languages."

Academic Paper

Title: Second Language as an Exemptor from Sociocultural Norms. Emotion-Related Language Choice Revisited
Paper URL:
Author: Marta Gawinkowska
Institution: University of Warsaw
Author: Michal B. Paradowski
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Warsaw
Author: Michal Bilewicz
Institution: University of Warsaw
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Cognitive Science; Discipline of Linguistics; General Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Linguistic Theories; Psycholinguistics; Translation
Abstract: Bilinguals often switch languages depending on what they are saying. According to the Emotion-Related Language Choice theory, they find their second language an easier medium of conveying content which evokes strong emotions. The first language carries too much emotional power, which can be threatening for the speaker. In a covert experiment, bilingual Polish students translated texts brimming with expletives from Polish into English and vice versa. In the Polish translations, the swear word equivalents used were weaker than in the source text; in the English translations, they were stronger than in the original. These results corroborate the ERLC theory. However, the effect was only observed for ethnophaulisms, i.e. expletives directed at social groups. It turns out that the main factor triggering the language choice in bilinguals is not necessarily the different emotional power of both languages, but social and cultural norms.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Gawinkowska M, Paradowski MB, Bilewicz M (2013) Second Language as an Exemptor from Sociocultural Norms. Emotion-Related Language Choice Revisited. PLoS ONE 8(12): e81225. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081225

Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page