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The Making of Vernacular Singapore English

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Academic Paper


Title: The effect of focus on form and focus on forms instruction on the acquisition of productive knowledge of L2 vocabulary by young beginner learners
Author: Natsuko Shintani
Email: click here TO access email
Homepage: http://www.education.auckland.ac.nz/people/n-shintani#
Institution: University of Auckland
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition
Abstract: The purpose of the study reported in this article is to investigate the effect of two instructional approaches¬–focus on forms (FonFs) and focus on form (FonF)–on the acquisition of a set of nouns and adjectives by young Japanese children who were complete beginners. I begin by defining FonFs and FonF and consider the theoretical rationale for each. I then examine how focus on forms (operationalized as ‘present-practice-produce’) and focus on form (operationalized through ‘task-based teaching’) can be realized. I will point out that in the case of beginner learners ‘task-based teaching’ is best operationalized in terms of comprehension-based rather than production-based tasks. I conclude with a review of the research that has compared the effects of FonFs and FonF on vocabulary acquisition.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: TESOL Quarterly 47(1), 36-62


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