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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

By Richard Kern

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Academic Paper


Title: Verb Processing by Bilinguals in Sentence Contexts
Author: Eva Van Assche
Institution: Ghent University
Author: Wouter Duyck
Institution: Ghent University
Author: Marc Brysbaert
Institution: University of London
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition
Subject Language: Dutch
English
Abstract: Many studies on bilingual language processing have shown that lexical access is not selective with respect to language. These studies typically used nouns as word stimuli. The aim of the present study was to extend the previous findings on noun processing to verb processing. In the first experiment, Dutch-English bilinguals performed a lexical decision task in their second language and were faster to recognize cognate verbs (e.g., Dutch-English geven-give) presented out of context than control words. This verb cognate facilitation effect was not modulated by verb tense. In a second experiment, cognates and controls were presented in sentence contexts while eye movements were recorded. In contrast to the strong cognate facilitation effects on early and later reading time measures for nouns found in earlier studies, cognate facilitation was only observed on a later reading time measure (i.e., go-past time). An interpretation of the results within current models of bilingual language processing and lexical organization is provided.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Studies in Second Language Acquisition Vol. 35, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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