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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Developmental trends and L1 effects in early L2 learners’ onset cluster production
Author: Anne-Michelle Tessier
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Alberta
Author: Tamara Sorenson Duncan
Institution: University of Alberta
Author: Johannes Paradis
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Alberta
Linguistic Field: Language Acquisition
Subject Language: Chinese, Mandarin
Abstract: This study focuses on English onset cluster production in spontaneous speech samples of 10 children aged 5;04–6;09 from Chinese and Hindi/Punjabi first language (L1) backgrounds, each with less than a year of exposure to English. The results suggest commonalities between early second language (L2) learners and both monolingual and adult L2 learners in the location of cluster repair and the sometimes-exceptional treatment of s+stop clusters. We also provide evidence that accuracy rates and repairs used in early L2 cluster production show L1 influences. We conclude that early L2 learners represent a unique learner group, whose study is crucial to the understanding of phonological development.


This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 16, Issue 3.

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