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Academic Paper

Title: Innovative Foreign and Second Language Education in the Middle East and North Africa
Author: Mahmoud Abed Ahmed Al-Khatib
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Jordan University of Science and Technology
Author: Mohammad AlAli
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Abstract: The Middle East and North Africa form a vast region stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the West to Pakistan in the East and the Caucasus and/or Central Asia in the north. At present, the region comprises more than 23 independent countries, the majority of which are Arab states. With the exception of Turkey, Iran, and Israel where the predominant languages are Turkish, Farsi, and Hebrew respectively, the overwhelming majority of people in this region use Arabic./L//L/The educational systems in the region vary from country to country. As Akkari (2004, p. 144) puts it “each country’s educational past and current experiences are different, but several important similarities exist.” He adds that since each country’s experiences, culture, and history are different, each country of the region will have to devise its own plan for educational reform. As far as second language education is concerned, it can be traced back to the early decades of the twentieth century, when different parts of the region came under the British and French mandates. It is never an easy task to handle the language situation in every single country of the area; therefore, an attempt is made in this article to consider the cases of a few representative countries.
Type: Collection
Status: Completed
Venue: Language education
Publication Info: Encyclopedia of Language and Education. 2nd Edition, Volume 4: 227-237. Springer: Germany.

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