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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: 'An expectation-based account of subject islands and parasitism'
Author: RuiPedroChaves
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: 'http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~rchaves/'
Institution: 'University at Buffalo'
Linguistic Field: 'Pragmatics; Syntax'
Abstract: Subject phrases impose particularly strong constraints on extraction. Most research assumes a syntactic account (e.g. Kayne , Chomsky , Rizzi , Lasnik & Saito , Takahashi , Uriagereka ), but there are also pragmatic accounts (Erteschik-Shir & Lappin ; Van Valin , ; Erteschik-Shir , ) as well as performance-based approaches (Kluender ). In this work I argue that none of these accounts captures the full range of empirical facts, and show that subject and adjunct phrases (phrasal or clausal, finite or otherwise) are by no means impermeable to non-parasitic extraction of nominal, prepositional and adverbial phrases. The present empirical reassessment indicates that the phenomena involving subject and adjunct islands defies the formulation of a general grammatical account. Drawing from insights by Engdahl () and Kluender (), I argue that subject island effects have a functional explanation. Independently motivated pragmatic and processing limitations cause subject-internal gaps to be heavily dispreferred, and therefore, extremely infrequent. In turn, this has led to heuristic parsing expectations that preempt subject-internal gaps and therefore speed up processing by pruning the search space of filler–gap dependencies. Such expectations cause processing problems when violated, unless they are dampened by prosodic and pragmatic cues that boost the construction of the correct parse. This account predicts subject islands and their (non-)parasitic exceptions.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of Linguistics Vol. 49, Issue 2, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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