Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

New from Cambridge University Press!


Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: The Effect of Gender and Status on the Apology Strategies Used by American Native Speakers of English and Iraqi EFL University Students
Paper URL:
Author: Ahmed M. A. Abu Humeid
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: University of Babylon
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: In fact, apology varies from one language to another. Thus, teachers and EFL learners must discern the similarities and the differences between their native language and the target one because what is deemed right in one language may not be considered right in the other. No study is conducted to compare apology strategies of Iraqi EFL university students along with that of the American native speakers of English in terms of gender and status. Therefore, the present study will explore these issues in order to clarify them. As such, a discourse completion test has been designed and applied to Iraqi EFL university students and Americans native speakers of English. The results show that Iraqi EFL male learners use more strategies with people of higher level, while the American males use more strategies with people of lower position. Moreover, unlike the Americans, Iraqi females use more apology strategies than Iraqi males.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: International Institute for Science, Technology & Education2013Page: 30 P.Vol X, No.X,
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page