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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: Tone Rules in Kalam Kohistani (Garwi, Bashkarik)
Author: Joan L.G. Baart
Email: click here to access email
Institution: SIL International & University of North Dakota
Linguistic Field: Language Documentation; Phonology
Subject Language: Kalami
Subject Language Family: Indo-Aryan Northwestern Zone
Abstract: In an earlier paper evidence was presented to show that Kalam Kohistani, a Dardic language of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, has five contrastive patterns of lexical pitch (Baart 1995). The present paper studies how these five lexical tones (or rather 'melodies') may synchronically change their shapes through interaction with sentence intonation, through morphological process, and through interaction with the melodies of neighbouring words and morphemes. Attention is also devoted to interactions of tone and segmental structure.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 62/1 (February 1999), p.88-104


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