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Vowel Length From Latin to Romance

By Michele Loporcaro

This book "draws on extensive empirical data, including from lesser known varieties" and "puts forward a new account of a well-known diachronic phenomenon."


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Letter Writing and Language Change

Edited By Anita Auer, Daniel Schreier, and Richard J. Watts

This book "challenges the assumption that there is only one 'legitimate' and homogenous form of English or of any other language" and "supports the view of different/alternative histories of the English language and will appeal to readers who are skeptical of 'standard' language ideology."


Academic Paper


Title: Tone Rules in Kalam Kohistani (Garwi, Bashkarik)
Author: Joan L.G. Baart
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: SIL International & University of North Dakota
Linguistic Field: Language Documentation; Phonology
Subject Language: Kalami
Subject LANGUAGE Family: Indo-Aryan Northwestern Zone
Abstract: In an earlier paper evidence was presented to show that Kalam Kohistani, a Dardic language of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, has five contrastive patterns of lexical pitch (Baart 1995). The present paper studies how these five lexical tones (or rather 'melodies') may synchronically change their shapes through interaction with sentence intonation, through morphological process, and through interaction with the melodies of neighbouring words and morphemes. Attention is also devoted to interactions of tone and segmental structure.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 62/1 (February 1999), p.88-104


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