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It's Been Said Before

By Orin Hargraves

It's Been Said Before "examines why certain phrases become clichés and why they should be avoided -- or why they still have life left in them."

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Sounds Fascinating

By J. C. Wells

How do you pronounce biopic, synod, and Breughel? - and why? Do our cake and archaic sound the same? Where does the stress go in stalagmite? What's odd about the word epergne? As a finale, the author writes a letter to his 16-year-old self.

Academic Paper

Title: Tone Rules in Kalam Kohistani (Garwi, Bashkarik)
Author: Joan L.G. Baart
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: SIL International & University of North Dakota
Linguistic Field: Language Documentation; Phonology
Subject Language: Kalami
Subject LANGUAGE Family: Indo-Aryan Northwestern Zone
Abstract: In an earlier paper evidence was presented to show that Kalam Kohistani, a Dardic language of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, has five contrastive patterns of lexical pitch (Baart 1995). The present paper studies how these five lexical tones (or rather 'melodies') may synchronically change their shapes through interaction with sentence intonation, through morphological process, and through interaction with the melodies of neighbouring words and morphemes. Attention is also devoted to interactions of tone and segmental structure.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 62/1 (February 1999), p.88-104
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