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Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


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Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

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Academic Paper


Title: Contrastive Tone in Kalam Kohistani
Paper URL: http://linguistic-discovery.dartmouth.edu/WebObjects/Linguistics
Author: Joan L.G. Baart
Email: click here to access email
Institution: SIL International & University of North Dakota
Linguistic Field: Language Documentation; Phonology
Subject Language: Kalami
Subject Language Family: Indo-Aryan Northwestern Zone
Abstract: It has been observed that tonal phenomena occur in quite a few Indo-Aryan languages in the northwestern corner of the South-Asian subcontinent. This paper presents a study of the tone system of one of these languages, Kalam Kohistani. After establishing that Kalam Kohistani has five contrastive surface tones—a high tone, a low tone, a rising tone, and two types of falling tone—I propose an analysis of these tones in terms of Autosegmental Phonology. Furthermore, some observations are made on the relation between aspiration and tone, and on the functional load of tone in Kalam Kohistani. Its relatively rich inventory of tones makes Kalam Kohistani, along with two of its close neighbors, stand out as unique among the Indo-Aryan languages.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Linguistic Discovery 2/2, p. 1-20
URL: http://linguistic-discovery.dartmouth.edu/WebObjects/Linguistics


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