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Academic Paper

Title: The syntactic construction of two non-active Voices: Passive and middle
Author: Artemis Alexiadou
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Institution: Universit├Ąt Stuttgart
Author: Edit Doron
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Institution: Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Linguistic Field: Morphology; Syntax; Typology
Subject Language: English
Greek, Modern
Abstract: The paper offers a theoretical characterization of the middle Voice as distinct from the passive Voice, and addresses the cross-linguistic morphological variation in realizing these two non-active Voices in different classes of languages, represented by Hebrew, Greek and English. The two non-active Voices are the morphological realization of two distinct syntactic Voice heads generating middle and passive clauses respectively. The former are cross-linguistically interpreted as (i) anticausative, (ii) reflexive (and reciprocal), (iii) dispositional middle, and (iv) medio-passive, which is distinct from passive. This variation in the interpretation of the middle Voice reflects different properties of the root rather than the application of four different lexical rules postulated by lexicalist theories.


This article appears IN Journal of Linguistics Vol. 48, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .

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