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Academic Paper


Title: A case study of language learners’ social presence in synchronous CMC
Author: Chao-Jung Ko
Institution: The National Tainan University
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics
Subject Language: French
Abstract: This study adopts a case study approach to investigate the impacts of synchronous computer-mediated communication (CMC) learning environments on learners’ perception of social presence. The participants were twelve French as a foreign language (FFL) beginners in a Taiwanese university. Divided into three groups, they conducted some tasks in three different learning environments (video/audio, audio and face-to-face) during an academic semester. Before each oral task, all the participants had to conduct the same task in synchronous text chat. The participants’ interview transcriptions, learning journals and the instructor's observation journal provided information about the impacts of each environment on their perception of social presence. The results of the study suggested that the differences in the environments are reflected in the learners’ perception of social presence.

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This article appears IN ReCALL Vol. 24, Issue 1, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .



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