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Evolutionary Syntax

By Ljiljana Progovac

This book "outlines novel and testable hypotheses, contains extensive examples from many different languages" and is "presented in accessible language, with more technical discussion in footnotes."


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The Making of Vernacular Singapore English

By Zhiming Bao

This book "proposes a new theory of contact-induced grammatical restructuring" and "offers a new analytical approach to New English from a formal or structural perspective."


Academic Paper


Title: Token-reflexive, anaphoric and deictic functions of ‘here’
Author: Thorstein Fretheim
Institution: Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Author: Nana Aba Appiah Amfo
Institution: University of Ghana
Author: Ildikó Vaskó
Institution: Eötvös Loránd University
Linguistic Field: Pragmatics; Semantics
Subject Language: English
Abstract: There are basically three ways in which the reference of a token of the English proximal spatial indexical here and corresponding terms in other languages can be resolved in the context-dependent, pragmatic phase of the addressee's determination of the propositional content of an utterance that contains this adverbial adjunct. ‘Here’ may refer reflexively to the place of utterance, including minimally the spot occupied by the speaker (token-reflexive reference), it may be anaphoric upon a discourse antecedent that provides information necessary for identification of the referent (anaphoric reference), or resolution of the reference depends on information derived from processing of a perceptual stimulus (deictic reference). These three pragmatic paths to resolution of the reference of proximal spatial indexicals are not mutually exclusive, so they do not warrant postulation of lexical ambiguity, at least not the traditional kind of ambiguity based on differences in conceptual meaning.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Nordic Journal of Linguistics Vol. 34, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site .



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