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Latin: A Linguistic Introduction

By Renato Oniga and Norma Shifano

Applies the principles of contemporary linguistics to the study of Latin and provides clear explanations of grammatical rules alongside diagrams to illustrate complex structures.


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The Ancient Language, and the Dialect of Cornwall, with an Enlarged Glossary of Cornish Provincial Words

By Frederick W.P. Jago

Containing around 3,700 dialect words from both Cornish and English,, this glossary was published in 1882 by Frederick W. P. Jago (1817–92) in an effort to describe and preserve the dialect as it too declined and it is an invaluable record of a disappearing dialect and way of life.


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Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 2013

The Linguistic Bibliography is by far the most comprehensive bibliographic reference work in the field. This volume contains up-to-date and extensive indexes of names, languages, and subjects.


Academic Paper


Title: Patterns of Synchronization of Non-Verbal Cues and Speech in ECAs: Towards a more “natural” conversational agent
Paper URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/l410238375431524/
Author: Nicla Rossini
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.niclarossini.com
Institution: Università degli Studi di Pavia
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Computational Linguistics; General Linguistics
Abstract: This paper presents an analysis of the verbal and non-verbal cues of Conversational Agents, with a special focus on REA and GRETA, in order to allow further research aimed at correcting some traits of their performance still considered unnatural by their final users. Despite the striking performance of new generation ECA, some important features make these conversational agents unreliable to the users, who usually prefer interacting with a classical computer for information retrieval. The users' preference can be due to several factors, such as the quality of speech synthesis, or the inevitable unnaturalness of the graphics animating the avatar. Apart from the unavoidable traits that can render ECAs unnatural to the ultimate users, instances of poor synchronization between verbal and non-verbal behaviour may contribute to unfavourable results. An instance of synchronization patterns between non-verbal cues and speech is here analysed and re-applied to the basic architecture of an ECA in order to improve the ECA's verbal and non-verbal synchronization. A proposal for future inquiry aimed at creating alternative model for the ultimate Mp4 output is also proposed, for further development in this field.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: In Esposito, A., Esposito, A. M., Martone, R. Mueller, V. C., Scarpetta, G. (Eds) Toward Autonomous, Adaptive, and Context-Aware Multimodal Interfaces: Theoretical and Practical Issues. Pp. 97-104. Springer-Verlag: Berlin.
Publication Info: In Esposito, A., Esposito, A. M., Martone, R. Mueller, V. C., Scarpetta, G. (Eds) Toward Autonomous, Adaptive, and Context-Aware Multimodal Interfaces: Theoretical and Practical Issues. Pp. 97-104. Springer-Verlag: Berlin.
URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/l410238375431524/


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