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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

By: Ernst Jahr

Provides richly detailed insight into the uniqueness of the Norwegian language development. Marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of the Norwegian nation following centuries of Danish rule


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Acquiring Phonology: A Cross-Generational Case-Study

By Neil Smith

The study also highlights the constructs of current linguistic theory, arguing for distinctive features and the notion 'onset' and against some of the claims of Optimality Theory and Usage-based accounts.


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Language Production and Interpretation: Linguistics meets Cognition

By Henk Zeevat

The importance of Henk Zeevat's new monograph cannot be overstated. [...] I recommend it to anyone who combines interests in language, logic, and computation [...]. David Beaver, University of Texas at Austin


Academic Paper


Title: 'A Realization Optimality Theory approach to blocking and extended morphological exponence'
Author: ZhengXu
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: 'http://profile.nus.edu.sg/fass/chsxz/'
Institution: 'National University of Singapore'
Author: MarkAronoff
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: 'http://www.linguistics.stonybrook.edu/Users/maronoff/'
Institution: 'Stony Brook University'
Linguistic Field: 'Morphology'
Abstract: Blocking in inflection occurs when a morphological exponent prevents the application of another exponent expressing the same feature value, thus barring the occurrence of multiple exponents of a single morphosyntactic feature value. In instances of extended exponence, more than one exponent in the same word realizes the same feature value. We provide a unified account of blocking and extended exponence that combines a realizational approach to inflection with Optimality Theory (Realization Optimality Theory), encoding morphological realization rules as ranked violable constraints. The markedness constraint *F S bars the realization of any morphosyntactic feature value by more than one exponent. If *F S ranks lower than two or more realization constraints expressing the same feature value, then we observe extended exponence. Otherwise, we find blocking of lower-ranked exponents. We show that Realization Optimality Theory is superior to various alternative approaches to blocking and extended morphological exponence.

CUP at LINGUIST

This article appears in Journal of Linguistics Vol. 47, Issue 3, which you can read on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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