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The Social Origins of Language

By Daniel Dor

Presents a new theoretical framework for the origins of human language and sets key issues in language evolution in their wider context within biological and cultural evolution


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Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-Based Approach

By Thomas Hoffmann

This is the first study that empirically investigates preposition placement across all clause types. The study compares first-language (British English) and second-language (Kenyan English) data and will therefore appeal to readers interested in world Englishes. Over 100 authentic corpus examples are discussed in the text, which will appeal to those who want to see 'real data'


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Academic Paper


Title: Phonological Adaptations of English Words Borrowed into Punjabi
Paper URL: http://www.eurojournals.com/EJSS_22_2_09.pdf
Author: Rashid Mahmood
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Government College University Faisalabad
Author: Quandeel Hussain
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Government College University Faisalabad
Author: Asim Mahmood
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Government College University Faisalabad
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Phonology
Subject Language: Punjabi
Abstract: Borrowing is a common phenomenon in language contact situation. The ever increasing role of English in our life has necessitated borrowing in Punjabi. In Pakistan mainly three languages coexist: Punjabi, Urdu, and English. Among these three languages Punjabi and Urdu are widely spoken and understood. English is emerging as a must-have language in Pakistan due to the role that it is playing in different spheres of life (law, administration, media, higher education, etc). English words are not borrowed simply as they seem to be, the borrowed or loanwords possess striking phonological features and are simplified according to the phonological and phonotactic constraints of Punjabi. There are so many reasons behind the borrowing of these words, for example Punjabi speakers borrow words for lexical gap filling, and some words are borrowed as they are on the tip of the tongue hence easy to use. The present research investigates the adaptation strategies employed by Punjabi speakers in the production of English loanwords. This study concludes that the process of borrowing is systematic and language-specific phonological constraints of/L/Punjabi are mainly responsible for adapting English loanwords, so prediction regarding the pronunciation of English words that are still to be borrowed is possible.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: England
Publication Info: European Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 22 (2) 234-45.
URL: http://www.eurojournals.com/EJSS_22_2_09.pdf


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