Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info

New from Oxford University Press!


Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.

New from Cambridge University Press!


Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

By Peter Mark Roget

This book "supplies a vocabulary of English words and idiomatic phrases 'arranged … according to the ideas which they express'. The thesaurus, continually expanded and updated, has always remained in print, but this reissued first edition shows the impressive breadth of Roget's own knowledge and interests."

New from Brill!


The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek

By Franco Montanari

Coming soon: The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek by Franco Montanari is the most comprehensive dictionary for Ancient Greek to English for the 21st Century. Order your copy now!

New from Elsevier!


Ampersand: An International Journal of General and Applied Linguistics

Edited By R. Cann, H. Pichler, K. Van De Poel, D. van Olmen, and K. Watson

Academic Paper

Title: Phonological Adaptations of English Words Borrowed into Punjabi
Paper URL:
Author: Rashid Mahmood
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Government College University Faisalabad
Author: Quandeel Hussain
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Government College University Faisalabad
Author: Asim Mahmood
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Government College University Faisalabad
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Phonology
Subject Language: Punjabi
Abstract: Borrowing is a common phenomenon in language contact situation. The ever increasing role of English in our life has necessitated borrowing in Punjabi. In Pakistan mainly three languages coexist: Punjabi, Urdu, and English. Among these three languages Punjabi and Urdu are widely spoken and understood. English is emerging as a must-have language in Pakistan due to the role that it is playing in different spheres of life (law, administration, media, higher education, etc). English words are not borrowed simply as they seem to be, the borrowed or loanwords possess striking phonological features and are simplified according to the phonological and phonotactic constraints of Punjabi. There are so many reasons behind the borrowing of these words, for example Punjabi speakers borrow words for lexical gap filling, and some words are borrowed as they are on the tip of the tongue hence easy to use. The present research investigates the adaptation strategies employed by Punjabi speakers in the production of English loanwords. This study concludes that the process of borrowing is systematic and language-specific phonological constraints of/L/Punjabi are mainly responsible for adapting English loanwords, so prediction regarding the pronunciation of English words that are still to be borrowed is possible.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Venue: England
Publication Info: European Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 22 (2) 234-45.

Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page