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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: Working memory influences on cross-language activation during bilingual lexical disambiguation
Author: Ana B. Arêas Da Luz Fontes
Institution: University of Texas at El Paso
Author: Ana I. Scharwatz
Institution: University of Texas at El Paso
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: This study investigated the role of verbal working memory on bilingual lexical disambiguation. Spanish–English bilinguals read sentences that ended in either a cognate or noncognate homonym or a control word. Participants decided whether follow-up target words were related in meaning to the sentences. On critical trials, sentences biased the subordinate meaning of a homonym and were followed by targets related to the dominant meaning. Bilinguals with high span were faster at rejecting unrelated targets when the sentences ended in a homonym, whereas bilinguals with low span were slower. Furthermore, error rates for bilinguals with low span showed cognate inhibition, while bilinguals with high span showed no effects of cross-language activation. Results demonstrated that bilinguals with high span benefit from shared lexical codes whether these converge on to a single semantic representation (cognates) or not (homonyms). Conversely, bilinguals with low span showed inhibition from the competing lexical codes, even when they converge onto a single semantic representation.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol. 14, Issue 3, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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