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Speaking American: A History of English in the United States

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Language, Literacy, and Technology

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Academic Paper


Title: Measuring Implicit and Explicit Linguistic Knowledge
Author: Melissa A Bowles
Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Discipline of Linguistics; Language Acquisition
Subject Language: English
Spanish
Abstract: Although claims about explicit and implicit language knowledge are central to many debates in SLA, little research has been dedicated to measuring the two knowledge types (R. Ellis, , 2005). The purpose of this study was to validate the use of the battery of tests reported in Ellis (2005) to measure implicit and explicit language knowledge. Whereas Ellis (2005) tested only second-language (L2) learners (of English), this study tested both L2 and heritage language (HL) learners (of Spanish). Results showed that test scores loaded on a two-factor model, as in Ellis (2005), thereby providing construct validity for the tests, on a population of HL learners who have little explicit knowledge by virtue of the environment in which they acquired Spanish.

CUP AT LINGUIST

This article appears IN Studies in Second Language Acquisition Vol. 33, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .



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