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May I Quote You on That?

By Stephen Spector

A guide to English grammar and usage for the twenty-first century, pairing grammar rules with interesting and humorous quotations from American popular culture.

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The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages

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This book "examines the reasons behind the dramatic loss of linguistic diversity, why it matters, and what can be done to document and support endangered languages."

Academic Paper

Title: Who Was Walking on the Beach?
Author: Gregory D Keating
Author: Bill VanPatten
Email: click here TO access email
Institution: Michigan State University
Author: Jill Jegerski
Institution: College of Staten Island (CUNY)
Linguistic Field: Applied Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Psycholinguistics; Syntax
Subject Language: English
Abstract: The position of antecedent strategy (Carminati, ) claims that speakers of null-subject languages prefer to resolve intrasentential anaphora by linking pro to an antecedent in the specifier of the inflection phrase and the overt pronoun to an antecedent lower in the clause. The present study has two aims: (a) to determine whether adult early Spanish-English bilinguals (Spanish heritage speakers) and late English-Spanish bilinguals (adult second language [L2] learners of Spanish) utilize the same antecedent assignment strategies as monolingually raised Spanish speakers, and (b) to determine whether early exposure to and use of Spanish confers advantages to Spanish heritage speakers relative to L2 learners. Spanish speakers raised without English contact (n = 19), Spanish heritage speakers (n = 25), and L2 learners of Spanish (n = 19) completed an offline questionnaire that comprised complex sentences such as 'Juan vio a Carlos mientras pro/él caminaba en la playa' 'John saw Charles while he was walking on the beach.' Comprehension questions probed participants' preferences regarding the antecedent of null and overt pronouns. The results indicate that the monolingually raised Spanish speakers showed an antecedent bias, but the heritage speakers and the L2 learners did not. Furthermore, the two groups of bilinguals differed from the controls in different ways: The heritage speakers displayed a stronger subject bias for the overt pronoun, whereas the L2 learners did not exhibit any clear antecedent biases.


This article appears IN Studies in Second Language Acquisition Vol. 33, Issue 2, which you can READ on Cambridge's site or on LINGUIST .

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