Publishing Partner: Cambridge University Press CUP Extra Wiley-Blackwell Publisher Login
amazon logo
More Info


New from Oxford University Press!

ad

Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary

By David Crystal

Offers a unique view of the English language and its development, and includes witty commentary and anecdotes along the way.


New from Cambridge University Press!

ad

Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases

By Peter Mark Roget

This book "supplies a vocabulary of English words and idiomatic phrases 'arranged … according to the ideas which they express'. The thesaurus, continually expanded and updated, has always remained in print, but this reissued first edition shows the impressive breadth of Roget's own knowledge and interests."


New from Brill!

ad

The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek

By Franco Montanari

Coming soon: The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek by Franco Montanari is the most comprehensive dictionary for Ancient Greek to English for the 21st Century. Order your copy now!


Academic Paper


Title: Vocal Effort Levels In Anechoic Conditions
Paper URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V1S-52M3GW4-1-1&_cdi=5682&_user=735571&_pii=S0003682X11000685&_origin=gateway&_coverDate=04%2F13%2F2011&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzS&md5=9c55afa17453069061ed60ce8eff457f&ie=/sdartic
Author: Ian Cushing
Email: click here to access email
Institution: Surbiton High School
Author: Francis F Li
Email: click here to access email
Institution: University of Salford
Author: Trevor J Cox
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.acoustics.salford.ac.uk/profiles/cox/
Institution: University of Salford
Author: Ken Worrall
Author: Tim Jackson
Linguistic Field: Phonetics
Abstract: This paper presents statistical data on vocal effort levels in anechoic conditions from 50 British English speakers. Extending and rectifying the broadly quoted work carried out by Pearsons et al in 1977 with American English speakers, the current work stipulates five vocal effort labels: hushed, normal, raised, loud and shout using a set of more precise descriptors with an aim to (1) avoid ambiguity and mis-interpretation of these effort levels, (2) extend the Pearsons' dataset to include a hushed speech level, which is demanded for the investigation of speech intelligibility and privacy, and (3) validate Pearsons' dataset with native British English speakers. In addition, the statistical data also shows a high level of correlation between peak levels and equivalent continuous levels, providing a useful means to estimate speech levels in the presence of non-trivial background noise.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Applied Acoustics; Volume 72; Issue 9; Pages 695-701
URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V1S-52M3GW4-1-1&_cdi=5682&_user=735571&_pii=S0003682X11000685&_origin=gateway&_coverDate=04%2F13%2F2011&_sk=999999999&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzS&md5=9c55afa17453069061ed60ce8eff457f&ie=/sdartic


Back
Add a new paper
Return to Academic Papers main page
Return to Directory of Linguists main page