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A comprehensive history of slang in the English speaking world by its leading lexicographer.


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This book presents a new theory of grammatical categories - the Universal Spine Hypothesis - and reinforces generative notions of Universal Grammar while accommodating insights from linguistic typology.


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Academic Paper


Title: When 'Bicycle Pump' is Harder to Read than 'Bicycle Bell': Effects of parsing cues in first and second language compound reading
Paper URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-010-0044-y
Author: Kristin Lemhöfer
Institution: Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Author: Dirk Koester
Email: click here to access email
Homepage: http://www.d-koester.de
Institution: Universität Bielefeld
Author: Robert Schreuder
Institution: Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Linguistic Field: Cognitive Science; Morphology; Psycholinguistics
Subject Language: Dutch
Abstract: Reading and understanding morphologically complex words can sometimes be a particular challenge to nonnative speakers. For example, compound words consist of multiple free morphemes, oftentimes without explicit marking of the morpheme boundaries. In a lexical decision task, we investigated compound reading in native and nonnative speakers of Dutch. The compounds differed in that the letter bigram that formed the morpheme boundary could or could not occur within a Dutch morpheme, thus providing an orthotactic cue as to the position of the morpheme boundary. Native and nonnative speakers responded faster to compounds that contained such an orthotactic cue. Additional analyses showed that although native speakers used this cue for long, but not for short compounds, no such word length modulation was observed for nonnative speakers. It is suggested that orthotactic parsing cues are used during compound reading/L/and possibly even more so in nonnative speakers.
Type: Individual Paper
Status: Completed
Publication Info: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review; DOI: 10.3758/s13423-010-0044-y
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-010-0044-y


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